Nicolás Escobar, bratanek Pablo Escobara, w domu swojego wuja w Medellin znalazł 18 mln dol., czyli ok. 70 mln zł. Initially, Pablo tried to bribe the Medellín judges who were forming a case against him and was unsuccessful. Members of the Cali Cartel even replayed their recordings of her conversations with Pablo for their wives to demonstrate how a woman should behave. Escobar's legacy remains controversial; while many denounce the heinous nature of his crimes, he was seen as a "Robin Hood-like" figure for many in Colombia, as he provided many amenities to the poor, while his killing was mourned and his funeral attended by over 25,000 people. With the enormous profits generated by this route, Escobar was soon able to purchase 7.7 square miles (20 km2) of land in Antioquia for several million dollars, on which he built the Hacienda Nápoles. I fell in love with his desire to help people and his compassion for their hardship. [65], After escaping first to Mozambique, then to Brazil, the family settled in Argentina. At first, he smuggled the cocaine in old plane tires, and a pilot could return as much as US$500,000 per flight, dependent on the quantity smuggled. Colombian President Ivan Duque said the demolition "means that history is not going to be written in terms of the perpetrators but by recognizing the victims," hoping the demolition would showcase that the city had evolved significantly and had more to offer than the legacy left by the cartels.[88]. W cenie zawarta jest darmowa wysyłka i etui. With authorities closing in, a firefight with Escobar and his bodyguard, Álvaro de Jesús Agudelo (alias "El Limón"), ensued. [5], In 1982 Escobar was elected as an alternate member of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia, as part of a small movement called Liberal Alternative. Topo Escobar is on Facebook. This article is about the Colombian drug lord. [43], In 2014, Roberto Escobar founded Escobar Inc with Olof K. Gustafsson and registered Successor-In-Interest rights for his brother Pablo Escobar in California, United States. Jak to możliwe, że drobny kolumbijski przestępca stał się światowym baronem narkotykowym, a z czasem politykiem i terrorystą, który wypowiedział wojnę całej Kolumbii? Pierwsza pełna biografia położnej z Auschwitz-Birk, Sławni ludzie zmarli w niewyjaśnionych okolicznościach. Declaring an end to a series of previous violent acts meant to pressure authorities and public opinion, Escobar surrendered to Colombian authorities in 1991. Znasz więcej faktów z życia Pablo Escobara? Escobar had also planned to construct a Greek-style citadel near it, and though construction of the citadel was started, it was never finished. 2 respuestas. Escobar studied at the University for a short period, but left without obtaining a degree. Los Pepes carried out a bloody campaign, fueled by vengeance, in which more than 300 of Escobar's associates, his lawyer[39] and relatives were slain, and a large amount of the Medellín cartel's property was destroyed. Zginął podczas obławy w jednej z dzielnic Medellin. Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Córdoba and Urabá, Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw, Pablo Escobar: El Patrón del Mal (Pablo Escobar, The Boss Of Evil), "10 facts reveal the absurdity of Pablo Escobar's wealth", "Here's How Rich Pablo Escobar Would Be If He Was Alive Today", "Pablo Escobar Gaviria – English Biography – Articles and Notes", "Pablo Emilio Escobar 1949 – 1993 9 Billion USD – The business of crime – 5 'success' stories", "Familiares exhumaron cadáver de Pablo Escobar para verificar plenamente su identidad", "Decline of the Medellín Cartel and the Rise of the Cali Mafia", "Escobar's Former Mansion Will Now Be A Theme Park", "How this drug lord [Escobar] created a hippo problem in Colombia", "Escobar Seventh Richest Man in the World in 1990", "Colombian Druglord Trying To Turn Wealth Into Respect", "Amazing story of how Pablo Escobar came to be the richest crook in history", "SANTOFIMIO RECOMENDÓ MATAR A LUIS CARLOS GALÁN: POPEYE", "Cali Colombia Nacional Pablo Escobar financió la toma del Palacio de Justicia Escobar financió toma del Palacio de Justicia", "Farmer's son who bribed and murdered his way into drugs: Neither government forces nor other drug traffickers were interested in taking Pablo Escobar alive. Pablo zabil přes 3000 lidí, … The Early Life Of Juan Pablo Escobar. Popularny wśród biednych i porównywany do Robin Hooda, wykorzystał społeczne poparcie i w 1982 roku został zastępcą członka kongresu. Doszło do tego 2 grudnia 1993 roku. Quiera saber quien es en realidad el CHILI y el TOPO de la serie de pablo escobar el patron del mal del canal caracol y otros personajes como el MARINO entre otros. His brother, Roberto Escobar, denies this, instead claiming that the gravestones came from cemetery owners whose clients had stopped paying for site care and that he had a relative who had a monuments business. Kolumbijska policja utrzymuje, że zginął podczas wymiany strzałów, natomiast rodzina Escobara i wiele innych osób twierdzi, iż w kluczowym momencie popełnił samobójstwo. Mayor Federico Gutierrez had been pushing to raze the building and erect in its place a park honoring the thousands of cartel victims, including four presidential candidates and some 500 police officers. Zlecenie zabójstwa kandydata na prezydenta, Luisa Carlosa Galána. 70. [33], While seen as an enemy of the United States and Colombian governments, Escobar was a hero to many in Medellín, especially to the poor. Eventually, the government negotiated with Escobar and convinced him to surrender and cease all criminal activity in exchange for a reduced sentence and preferential treatment during his captivity. The building was initially built for Escobar's wife but was gutted by a Cali Cartel car bomb in 1988 and had remained unoccupied ever since, becoming an attraction to foreign tourists seeking out Escobar's physical legacy. W 1993 r. Escobar został zastrzelony przez policję w Medellin, a wpływowi członkowie kartelu … From [the] beginning, he was always a gentleman. Escobar's widow (María Henao, now María Isabel Santos Caballero), son (Juan Pablo, now Juan Sebastián Marroquín Santos) and daughter (Manuela) fled Colombia in 1995 after failing to find a country that would grant them asylum. The film was shown at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival and premiered in the US on HBO in October 2010. 14K likes. Informacje ze świata. Smuggling 15 tons of cocaine per day, worth more than half a billion dollars, into the United States, the cartel spent over US$1,000 per week purchasing rubber bands to wrap the stacks of cash, storing most of it in their warehouses. Sąd nakazał przejęcie majątku po Pablo Escobarze. Pablo Escobar zmarł w miejscowości Medellín - Antioquia, Kolumbia. Escobar was listed as a part of Los Extraditables. For other uses, see, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFJ.D._Rockefeller2016 (. The siege, a retaliation motivated by the Supreme Court studying the constitutionality of Colombia's extradition treaty with the U.S., resulted in the murders of half the judges on the court. Pablo Escobar miał dwoje dzieci - córkę Manuelę i syna Juana Pablo, który dla bezpieczeństwa posługiwał się innym nazwiskiem i żył jako Sebastian Marroquín. -Patricio Rey y sus Redonditos de Ricota", "Military & Defense: A luxurious Miami mansion built by the 'King of Cocaine' is no more", "Military & Defense: This dilapidated villa once served as a Caribbean getaway for drug-kingpin Pablo Escobar", "Colombia Drug Lord Escobar Dies in Shootout", Interview with Hugo Martinez – the man who 'got' Pablo Escobar, "Drug boss Pablo Escobar still divides Colombia", "Colombian Attorney General on Virginia Vallejo's offer to testify against Santofimio", "Virginia Vallejo takes refuge in United States", "Pablo Escobar's Ex-Lover Flees Colombia", "Virginia Vallejo testificó en el caso Palacio de Justicia", "Truth Commission Blames Colombian State for Palace of Justice Tragedy", "Colombia ex-officer jailed after historic conviction", "Colombian 1985 Supreme Court raid commander sentenced", "Galan Slaying a State Crime, Colombian Prosecutors Say", "Colombian Leader Disputes Claim of Tie to Cocaine Kingpin", "A Cursed Family: A Look at Pablo Escobar's Family 21 Years After His Death", "Se conoce foto de la hija de Pablo Escobar en Buenos Aires", "Pablo Escobar's widow and son in Argentina money laundering probe", "Pablo Escobar's widow and son held on money laundering charges in Argentina", "Pablo Escobar's widow, son charged with money laundering in Argentina", "Narcos season 2: Pablo Escobar's son labels Netflix show 'insulting', lists 28 historical errors", "Pablo Escobar's sister trying to pay for the sins of her brother (Luz Maria Escobar), the sister of Colombian cartel boss Pablo Escobar, has told how she is trying to make amends for her murderous brother", "California Business Portal: Successor-In-Interest", "Crece controversia en el país por decisión de cazar a hipopótamos de Pablo Escobar", "Pablo Escobar's Escaped Hippos Are Thriving in Colombia", "Zoo Gone Wild: After Escobar, Colombia Faces His Hippos", "Could Pablo Escobar's Escaped Hippos Help the Environment? [17], Escobar eventually became involved in many criminal activities with Oscar Benel Aguirre, with the duo running petty street scams, selling contraband cigarettes, fake lottery tickets, and stealing cars. W szczytowym okresie jego kartel przemycał 15 ton kokainy dziennie. O mojej cioci Stanisławie Leszczyńskiej. When he later bought fifteen bigger airplanes, including a Learjet and six helicopters, according to his son, a dear friend of Pablo's died during the landing of an airplane, and the plane was destroyed. In March 1976, the 26-year-old Escobar married María Victoria Henao, who was 15. Pablo Escobar: El día en que "El patrón del mal" se topó con la muerte Luego de una extensa persecución, el 2 de diciembre de 1993 el capo narco fue cercado. Zamawiając w księgarni za przesyłkę zapłacisz tylko 6,99zł, a dla zamówień na kwotę powyżej 199zł przesyłka jest darmowa. Dokładnie 28 lat temu, dowiedziawszy się o planach przeniesienia do innego więzienia, Pablo Escobar ucieka z La Catedral i resztę życia spędza w ukryciu. Accounts of Escobar's continued criminal activities while in prison began to surface in the media, which prompted the government to attempt to move him to a more conventional jail on 22 July 1992. Powiązane tematy. [40] Her book inspired the movie Loving Pablo (2017). Pablo zleca zabójstwo Ramady i Arellana. Respuesta Guardar. ", "Pablo Escobar's six-floor apartment demolished in Medellin as symbol of rebirth", "What is actor Christian Bale doing next? Anónimo. These include making public statements in the press, leaving letters on the graves of his victims and on the 20th anniversary of his death organizing a public memorial for his victims. The luxury house he created contained a zoo, a lake, a sculpture garden, a private bullring, and other diversions for his family and the cartel. The book provides a firsthand insight into details of his father's life and describes the fundamentally disintegrating effect of his death upon the family. In 2007, the journalist Virginia Vallejo published her memoir Amando a Pablo, odiando a Escobar (Loving Pablo, Hating Escobar), in which she describes her romantic relationship with Escobar and the links of her lover with several presidents, Caribbean dictators, and high-profile politicians. Calificación. Escobar, el patrón del mal es una serie de televisión colombiana producida por Caracol Televisión en 2012. Pablo Escobar: El Patrón del Mal. "[68] María Victoria Henao de Escobar, with her new identity as María Isabel Santos Caballero, continues to live in Buenos Aires with her son and daughter. [9] Escobar suffered gunshots to the leg and torso, and a fatal gunshot through the ear. Sezon 1. Jednak przełom lat 70. i 80. to rozkwit handlu kokainą. [citation needed], The Colombian cartels' continuing struggles to maintain supremacy resulted in Colombia quickly becoming the world's murder capital with 25,100 violent deaths in 1991 and 27,100 in 1992. At the height of his power, drug traffickers from Medellín and other areas were handing over between 20% and 35% of their Colombian cocaine-related profits to Escobar, as he was the one who shipped cocaine successfully to the United States. Hacienda Nápolés (hiszpańska „Posiadłość Napoles”) była luksusową posiadłością wybudowaną i należącą do kolumbijskiego barona narkotykowego Pabla Escobara w miejscowości Puerto Triunfo, w departamencie Antioquia, około 150 km na wschód od Medellín i 249 km na północny zachód od Bogoty.Posiadłość zajmowała powierzchnię około 20 km². Sixteen months after his escape from La Catedral, Pablo Escobar died in a shootout on 2 December 1993, amid another of his attempts to elude the Search Bloc. Pełne nazwisko: Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria Pseudonimy: Don Pablo, El Padrino, El Patrón, El Zar de la Cocaína Data urodzenia: 01/12/1949 Data śmierci: 02/12/1993 w wieku 44 lat Przyczyna śmierci: w niewyjaśnionych okolicznościach Znak Zodiaku: ♐ Strzelec Miejsce urodzenia: Rionegro - Antioquia, Kolumbia Miejsce śmierci: Medellín - Antioquia, Kolumbia Wzrost: 167 cm Hostages were also taken for negotiation of their release, thus helping to prevent extradition of Los Extraditables to the U.S. for their crimes. The Robin Hood image that Escobar had cultivated maintained a lasting influence in Medellín. In 1976, Escobar founded the Medellín Cartel, which distributed powder cocaine, and established the first smuggling routes into the U.S. Escobar's infiltration into the U.S. created exponential demand for cocaine, and by the 1980s, it was estimated Escobar led monthly shipments of 70 to 80 tons of cocaine into the country from Colombia. Escobar was confined in what became his own luxurious private prison, La Catedral, which featured a football pitch, giant dollhouse, bar, Jacuzzi, and waterfall. The luxury house contained a colonial house, a sculpture park, and a complete zoo with animals from various continents, including elephants, exotic birds, giraffes, and hippopotamuses. [51][52], On 18 July 2006, Vallejo was taken to the United States on a special flight of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), for "safety and security reasons" due to her cooperation in high-profile criminal cases. In a statement regarding the topic, the duo stated that Pablo "had committed suicide, he did not get killed. The production process was also altered, with coca from Bolivia and Peru replacing the coca from Colombia, which was beginning to be seen as substandard quality than the coca from the neighboring countries. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria was born on 1 December 1949, in Rionegro, in the Antioquia Department of Colombia. The video was seen by 14 million people, and was instrumental for the reopened case of Galán's assassination. Pablo Escobar urodził się w miejscowości Rionegro - Antioquia, Kolumbia. They would find unusual holes in floors and walls, as well as a safe that was stolen from its hole in the marble flooring before it could be properly examined. Pablo Escobar. Una guardia pretoriana que dejaba a su paso terror y muerte. Respuesta preferida. On his first trip, Pablo bought a paltry 30 pounds (14 kg) of paste in what was noted as the first step towards building his empire. Escobar and Robert Vesco purchased most of the land on the island, which included a 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) airstrip, a harbor, a hotel, houses, boats, and aircraft, and they built a refrigerated warehouse to store the cocaine. Join Facebook to connect with Topo Escobar and others you may know. Aresztowanie za przemyt. Pablo Escobar: El Patrón del Mal (TV Series 2012) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Among Escobar's biographers, only Vallejo has given a detailed explanation of his role in the 1985 Palace of Justice siege. Rok premiery: 2012. [70][71][72] The judge ordered the seizing of assets for about $1m each. [10] Additionally, his private estate, Hacienda Nápoles, has been transformed into a theme park,[11] and he has been praised and criticized for importing hippopotamuses to Colombia. During all the years they went after him, he would say to me every day that if he was really cornered without a way out, he would 'shoot himself through the ear'. Miał szóstkę rodzeństwa, jego ojciec pracował jako robotnik rolny, a matka jako nauczycielka w lokalnej szkole. [18] In the early 1970s, prior to entering the drug trade, Escobar acted as a thief and bodyguard, allegedly earning US$100,000 by kidnapping and holding a Medellín executive for ransom. Escobar poddaje się kolumbijskim władzom i wprowadza się do marionetkowego więzienia La Catedral. Pablo Escobar or George HW Bush (2016), by Shaun Attwood, tells Pablo's story as a suspect in the murder of CIA pilot Barry Seal; On 24 January 2018 Netflix released the 68-minute-long documentary, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 05:13. [35][page needed] One of the leaders of Los Pepes was Diego Murillo Bejarano (also known as "Don Berna"), a former Medellín Cartel associate who became a rival drug kingpin and eventually emerged as a leader of one of the most powerful factions within the Self-Defence of Colombia. Ten percent (10%) of the cash had to be written off per year because of "spoilage", due to rats creeping in and nibbling on the bills they could reach. In 1991, Escobar surrendered to authorities, and was sentenced to five years' imprisonment on a host of charges, but struck a deal of no extradition with Colombian President Cesar Gaviria, with the ability of being housed in his own, self-built prison, La Catedral. Choć córka żyje gdzieś na uboczu i nie chce się ujawniać, syn wręcz odwrotnie chętnie udziela wywiadów i pokazuje się w telewizji. W końcu i do Philipa dotarli ludzie, którzy składali mu podejrzane propozycje, ale Philip nie chce mówić o co chodziło. El ‘Mariachi’ visita a Pablo para contarle que Herbert tiene intenciones de matar a Escobar pero le deja muy claro que si Pablo hace algo en contra de Herbert el ‘Mariachi’ tendrá problemas con Pablo. Ver Pablo Escobar, el patrón del mal serie completa en español latino y subtitulado. ‘Chili’ y el ‘Topo’ persiguen al coronel por la carretera, se deshacen … Beginning in 1975, Pablo started developing his cocaine operation, flying out planes several times, mainly between Colombia and Panama, along smuggling routes into the United States. Aquí ves a Pablo Escobar Gaviria posando con su hijo en Washington.Cuando se tomó esta foto, estaba en la lista de los «criminales más buscados» de Estados Unidos. Niektórzy bliscy Escobara utrzymują, że nie został on zastrzelony; w krytycznym momencie miał popełnić samobójstwo. [67] According to her son, Henao fell in love with Escobar "because of his naughty smile [and] the way he looked at [her]. Parece extraño que haya podido acercarse a la Casa Blanca sin ser detenido. Mas abajo esta la lista de capitulos o Click aqui para volver a la lista de capitulos Si entras desde tu celular tienes que ir hacia abajo, la lista de capitulos completos de Pablo Escobar, el patrón del mal y el reproductor estas en la parte de abajo del sitio. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (/ˈɛskəbɑːr/; 1 December 1949 – 2 December 1993) was a Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist who was the founder and sole leader of the Medellín Cartel. Later, as the conflict between Escobar and the governments of the United States and Colombia dragged on, and as the numbers of Escobar's enemies grew, a vigilante group known as Los Pepes (Los Perseguidos por Pablo Escobar, "People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar") was formed. The four-bedroom estate, built in 1948 on Biscayne Bay, was seized by the US federal government in the 1980s. Roberto Escobar also claimed that, in addition to using planes, his brother employed two small submarines to transport the enormous loads. [22], Roberto Escobar maintains Pablo fell into the drug business simply because other types of contraband became too dangerous to traffic. Ultimately, authorities were unable to link her funds to illegal activity, and she was released. In the mid-1980s, at the height of its power, the Medellín Cartel was shipping as much as 11 tons per flight in jetliners to the United States (the biggest load shipped by Escobar was 51,000 pounds (23,000 kg) mixed with fish paste and shipped via boat, as confirmed by his brother in the book Escobar). It is alleged that Escobar backed the 1985 storming of the Colombian Supreme Court by left-wing guerrillas from the 19th of April Movement, also known as M-19. [36] This increased murder rate was fueled by Escobar's giving money to his hitmen as a reward for killing police officers, over 600 of whom died as a result. We [would] drive to places where he dreamed of building schools for the poor. Some of Escobar's relatives believe that he committed suicide. As a result, he quickly became one of the richest people in the world,[3][4] but consistently battled rival cartels domestically and abroad, leading to massacres and the murders of police officers, judges, locals, and prominent politicians,[5] making Colombia the murder capital of the world.[6]. [8][48] His two brothers, Roberto Escobar and Fernando Sánchez Arellano, believe that he shot himself through the ear. [78], After Escobar's death, the ranch, zoo and citadel at Hacienda Nápoles were given by the government to low-income families under a law called Extinción de Dominio (Domain Extinction). This act was controversial, as it was suspected that Escobar and other drug lords had influenced members of the Constituent Assembly in passing the law. Ucieczka z La Catedral; resztę życia Escobar spędzi w ukryciu. [53][54] On 24 July, a video in which Vallejo had accused Santofimio of instigating Escobar to eliminate presidential candidate Galán was aired by RCN Television of Colombia. Born in Rionegro and raised in Medellín, Escobar studied briefly at Universidad Autónoma Latinoamericana of Medellín, but left without graduating; he instead began engaging in criminal activity, selling illegal cigarettes and fake lottery tickets, as well as participating in motor vehicle theft. Iguarán acknowledged that, although Vallejo had contacted his office on 4 July, the judge had decided to close the trial on 9 July, several weeks before the prospective closing date. He and cartel co-founder Carlos Lehder worked together to develop a new trans-shipment point in the Bahamas, an island called Norman's Cay about 220 miles (350 km) southeast of the Florida coast. Local media were alerted, and after being exposed as Escobar's widow, Henao was imprisoned for eighteen months while her finances were investigated. Escobar has been the subject of several books, including the following: Two major feature films on Escobar, Escobar (2009) and Killing Pablo (2011), were announced in 2007. [69] On 5 June 2018, the Argentine federal judge Nestor Barral accused her and her son, Sebastián Marroquín Santos, of money laundering with two Colombian drug traffickers. [21] They had two children: Juan Pablo (now Sebastián Marroquín) and Manuela. The property has been converted into a theme park surrounded by four luxury hotels overlooking the zoo. Other names: Don Pablo (Sir Pablo), El Padrino (The Godfather), El Patrón (The Boss) [75], Escobar's sister, Luz Maria Escobar, also made multiple gestures in attempts to make amends for the drug baron's crimes. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria urodził się 1 grudnia 1949 roku w Rionegro. ... Bracia Gonzales szukają sojuszników, którzy odważą się wystąpić przeciwko Pablowi. [80][81] In 2009, two adults and one calf escaped the herd and, after attacking humans and killing cattle, one of the adults (called "Pepe") was killed by hunters under authorization of the local authorities. Syn Pablo Escobara, Sebastian Marroquin, skrytykował przedstawienie wydarzeń w serialu "Narcos", wymieniając 28 błędów w fabule i nazywając je "obraźliwymi". Before he gave himself up, the extradition of Colombian citizens to the United States had been prohibited by the newly approved Colombian Constitution of 1991. Pablo Escobar został zastrzelony przez policję w 1993 r., a „Popeye” jest jedynym żyjącym zabójcą z kartelu i znał sekrety. Mój ojciec pablo escobar na - Zróżnicowany zbiór ofert, najlepsze ceny i promocje. "Inne…, Książki o kierowcach rajdowych i wyścigowych, 28 lat temu Escobar „uciekł” z La Catedral, Położna. In The Accountant's Story, Roberto Escobar discusses how Pablo rose from middle-class simplicity and obscurity to one of the world's wealthiest men. [32] It is commonly believed that Escobar was the principal financier behind Medellín's Atlético Nacional, which won South America's most prestigious football tournament, the Copa Libertadores, in 1989. Some people from Medellín often helped Escobar avoid police capture by serving as lookouts, hiding information from authorities, or doing whatever else they could to protect him. As demand for more and better cocaine increased, Escobar began working with Roberto Suárez Goméz, helping to further the product to other countries in the Americas and Europe, as well as being rumored to reach as far as Asia. [20] He is known to have had a bank deposit of COL 100 million (more than US$3 million), when he turned 26.[21]. In Peru, Pablo would buy the cocaine paste, which would then be refined in a laboratory in a two-story house in Medellín. 2 grudnia 1993 w Medellín) – kolumbijski baron narkotykowy określany „królem kokainy”, który stał się jednym z najbogatszych ludzi na świecie dzięki przemytowi kokainy do USA i innych państw. Hilda de Los Dolores Gaviria Berrío (d. 2006),[14] an elementary school teacher. [20], When questioned about the essence of the cocaine business, Escobar replied with "[the business is] simple: you bribe someone here, you bribe someone there, and you pay a friendly banker to help you bring the money back. Members of the Search Bloc, and Colombian and United States intelligence agencies, in their efforts to find Escobar, either colluded with Los Pepes or moonlighted as both Search Bloc and Los Pepes simultaneously. The two fugitives attempted to escape by running across the roofs of adjoining houses to reach a back street, but both were shot and killed by Colombian National Police. Swoją karierę przestępczą rozpoczął jeszcze w czasach szkolnych handlując najpierw kradzionymi nagrobkami, a następnie samochodami. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (1. prosince 1949 – 2. prosinec 1993) byl největším kolumbijským drogovým baronem. ", E-40 – ‘The Block Brochure Parts 4, 5 & 6’ (Album Covers & Track Lists),, Members of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia, People shot dead by law enforcement officers in Colombia, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2016, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Infobox person using certain parameters when dead, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2016, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, US $30 billion (1993 estimate; equivalent to $59 billion as of 2019).