Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The “Fair Youth” – respectively the “Young Man” – and the “Dark Lady” whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. An examination of the addressees in Shakespeare's sonnets, An interpretation of Shakespeare's sonnet 73 and the deeper meaning of its metaphors, About Geoffrey Chaucer's 'Troilus und Criseyde', An Analysis of the Shakespearean Villain in 'Othello' and 'Much Ado About Nothing', Development of Lear´s Character in Shakespeare´s Tragedy 'King Lear', Time as metaphor in writings about love, desire and death, On Shakespeares 'Hamlet' - past and present, memory and forgetting, How does Shakespeare utilise the sonnet form to express emotion? Thanks! Once he will be able to write well enough and be “worthy of [his] sweet respect” (Shakespeare et al. In fact the youth's hair is described as "buds of marjoram" (Sonnet 99) whose color is auburn, or a shade "neither dark nor fair." A self-proclaimed “luddite” finally joins the ... Wild science! 42) . 2.2 The “Dark Lady” Sonnets Another reading of this could be that the “man in hue” is a “noble” man who is graceful and elegant in his behaviour and appearance (Shakespeare et al. I think this depends on your interpretation of the tone, of the fair youth; the difference concept could be simply described as purely platonic, where as the sexually explicit dark lady sonnets, are from it - depicted by any of the first 17 sonnets encouraging the fair youth to find love, marry and evan have children. Get an answer for 'What was the sonnet (young man) and the (dark lady) about? The speaker employs a combination of legal and financial diction to give the love between himself, the lady, and the youth a transactional cast. Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The “Fair Youth” – respectively the “Young Man” – and the “Dark Lady” whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. While in the first seventeen sonnets the persona tries to persuade the young man to marry and father children, the tone changes from sonnet 18 on. These points will be executed by looking at several sonnets in detail. The attraction becomes obvious in the description and praising of the man’s beauty especially in sonnet 18 as already mentioned above. Shakespeare's Dark Lady. 2 Fair Youth vs Dark Lady «In making a young man’s beauty and worth his central focus, Shakespeare may be seen as overturning the conventions of more than two hundred years of Ê»Petrarchanismʼ, broadly interpreted» (Duncan-Jones 2006, p. 47). A gender studies approach to William Shakespeare's 'The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice', Biographia Literaria [Christmas Summary Classics], The Existential Dichotomies of Chaucer's 'The Miller's Tale' and 'The Reeve's Tale', About 'The Broom o the Cathery Knowes' and its Place in Tradition, Nominal Forms of Address in Shakespeare's 'Othello', Decay in Nature - Seen from Two Different Points of View, Sterne's writing and conversational style. However, an affair is later indicated between the Fair Youth and the Dark Lady of the Sonnets and while the Sonnet Speaker openly admits to a sexual relationship with his Dark Lady… He directed the majority toward two people: the fair youth and the "Dark Lady." Some see it as a homosexual relationship whereas others read it as merely platonic (Innes 145). In this aspect sonnet 116 is quite interesting as well. The 'Fair Youth' and the 'Dark Lady' in Shakespeare's sonnets and their relationship to the Poetic Persona. 2.1 The “Fair Youth” Sonnets Sonnet 127: 'In the old age black was not counted fair' In the old age black was not counted fair, Or … We find 127 closer to 124 (Fair Youth) and 128 closer to 126 (Fair Youth), most likely attributed to the unusual 'non-iambic pentameter structure of sonnet 126. After a brief summary of these results the “Dark Lady” sonnets will be examined in the same manner while regarding the results about the “Young Man” I achieved before. - Shakespeare's image of Richard III, Shakespearean Drama - Women in Renaissance, Ironic Contradictions in the 'Pardoner's Prologue' and the 'Pardoner's Tale', The role of Polonius in 'Hamlet': a man of judgement disturbed, Types of the sonnet in english and american literature, 'What is your substance, whereof are you made?' In this understanding “master-mistress” would simply mean that a man is addressed the way women are usually addressed in sonnet-writing (Shakespeare et al. In sonnet 20 one can find another meaningful phrase that describes the man’s character: “A man in hue all hues in his controlling, Which steals men's eyes and women's souls amazeth.” (Shakespeare et al. So as one can clearly see the addressee of this sonnet stands above the persona. 42). The first part of Shakespeare's sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1-126, is directed to the 'Young Man', while sonnets 127-154 are written to the 'Dark Lady'. Thou art more lovely and more temperate”. Moreover it is the only sonnet that explicitly refers to both the Dark Lady and the young man. About all these points that are stated about real love in this sonnet the persona seems to be very sure of as one can see in the final couplet: But although they seem to share this special bond there are still differences in the social class between the two figures. 132f.). Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The 'Fair Youth' - respectively the 'Young Man' - and the 'Dark Lady' whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. The sequence distinguishes itself from the Fair Youth sequence with its overt sexuality . For the “Fair Youth” section these are going to be sonnets 18, 20, 26, and 116; for the “Dark Lady” sonnets I will deal with sonnets 127, 130, 129, and 144. 18 by William Shakespeare, Stylistic Analysis of Robert Frost's 'The Secret Sits' and William Shakespeare's 'Sonnet 18', Shakespeare's Othello: 'Racism in Othello? There are different assumptions as how one can interpret the relationship between the poetic persona and the fair youth. The friend is a male while the lady is dark and not fair. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The identity of the Dark Lady is shrouded in as much mystery as that of the Fair Youth. - High royalties for the sales 90) in the first line makes me think of them as soulmates or as people who share a profound bond. The persona seems to accept the fact that nature “prick’d [the man] out for women’s pleasure” meaning that the man is supposed to have sexual relations with women instead of the persona. The dark lady is the “worser spirit,” who is so seductive that she has not only tempted the speaker to sin, but is now tempting his “angel” as well. You've already shared your review for this item. A marriage is after all the deepest bond two people can enter although this is most times based on a sexual relationship. The beginning of this sonnet “Lord of my love” (Shakespeare et al. A Poem Analysis, King Lear: Lear's Language, Beginning vs. End of the Play, The Concept of Love in Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', Shakespeare's 'Sonnet 127' and the mysterious 'Dark Lady' - An Analysis, Multiple Iago - The Character and Motives of Iago in Shakespeare's Othello, Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: Geoffrey Chaucer's 'The Parliament of Fowls', Keats's Odes (SparkNotes Literature Guide), The God Within. The fair and unkind lady image of the Petrarchan sonnets is demolished and the genuine picture of a genuine woman of flesh and blood is introduced. Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) Quotes Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) Beshrew that heart that makes my heart to groan For that deep wound it gives my friend and me; Is’t not enough to torture me alone, But slave to slavery my sweet’st friend must be? These points will be executed by looking at several sonnets in detail. The “Fair Youth” is a young man who is portrayed with feminine qualities in many of Shakespeare’s sonnets directed to him. 2. However, as he did with the youth, the poet ultimately blames himself for the Dark Lady's abandoning him. The author of the Sonnets clearly has a love-hate relationship with the Dark Lady, and there appears to be some kind of triangular relationship involving the author, the Dark Lady, and the “Fair Youth,” i.e., the young man to whom most of the Sonnets are addressed. Fair Youth Procreation Sequence (Sonnets 1–17) Fair Youth Friendship Sequence (Sonnets 18–126) Rival Poet Group (Sonnets 78–86) Dark Lady Sequence (Sonnets 127–154) Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) The Poet’s Act of Betrayal (Sonnet 151) Quotes By Character; The Speaker; The Beautiful Young Man; The Dark Lady You can remove the unavailable item(s) now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout. To what extent, and in what ways, does Shakespearean tragedy incorporate and/or modify the conventions of revenge tragedy? While to some eyes the previous 'Fair Youth' sonnets seem to indicate an ambiguously homosexual relationship 42) The expression “A man in hue” could have the meaning of a man who is in a good “form” or “shape” or who has pleasant looks (Shakespeare et al. - It only takes five minutes Are these relationships of a similar nature or do they differ in some aspects? Three Elizabethans ingloriously defamed in the pages of 'Polimanteia' (1595) At the end I will recapitulate the ascertained outcomes in a conclusion. What does this portrayal tell the reader about the relationship between persona and addressee? 45) can be taken literally as well as figuratively because the addressee really is a lord (Rowse, S. xiv). This applies to both his looks as well as his characteristics as is especially apparent in sonnet 20 and in this quote of the first lines thereof: “A woman's face with nature's own hand painted, Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion; A woman's gentle heart, but not acquainted With shifting change, as is false women's fashion”. - Completely free - with ISBN That was quite different in the Elizabethan era when sonnet-writing was widespread during the so called 'sonnet vogue' at the end of the 16th century. - Publication as eBook and book Are these relationships of a similar nature or do they differ in some aspects? 2.Analysis The persona then goes on talking about the young man’s characteristics in comparison to those of women: he has only the positive attributes of the female gender, for example is he on the one hand as soft and compassionate as women are, so he has “A woman’s gentle heart” (Shakespeare et al. At the end I will recapitulate the ascertained outcomes in a conclusion. The Dark Lady is so called because she has black hair and dun coloured skin. 132).